Meat Consumption and Risk of Developing Type 2 Diabetes in the SUN Project: A Highly Educated Middle-Class PopulationReportar como inadecuado




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Background

Meat consumption has been consistently associated with the risk of diabetes in different populations. The aim of our study was to investigate the incidence of type 2 diabetes according to baseline total meat consumption in a longitudinal assessment of a middle-aged Mediterranean population.

Methods

We followed 18,527 participants mean age: 38 years, 61% women in the SUN Project, an open-enrolment cohort of a highly educated population of middle-class Spanish graduate students. All participants were initially free of diabetes. Diet was assessed at baseline using a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire of 136-items previously validated. Incident diabetes was defined according to the American Diabetes Association’s criteria.

Results

We identified 146 incident cases of diabetes after a maximum of 14 years of follow-up period mean: 8.7 years. In the fully adjusted model, the consumption of ≥3 servings-day of all types of meat was significantly associated with a higher risk of diabetes HR: 1.85; 95% CI: 1.03–3.31; p for trend = 0.031 in comparison with the reference category <2 servings-day. When we separated processed from non-processed meat, we observed a non-significant higher risk associated with greater consumption of processed meat and a non-significant lower risk associated with non-processed meat consumption p for trend = 0.123 and 0.487, respectively. No significant difference was found between the two types of meat p = 0.594.

Conclusions

Our results suggest that meat consumption, especially processed meat, was associated with a higher risk of developing diabetes in our young Mediterranean cohort.



Autor: A. Mari-Sanchis, A. Gea, F. J. Basterra-Gortari, M. A. Martinez-Gonzalez, J. J. Beunza, M. Bes-Rastrollo

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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