Defining the Active Fraction of Daptomycin against Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus MRSA Using a Pharmacokinetic and Pharmacodynamic ApproachReportar como inadecuado




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Our objective was to study the pharmacodynamics of daptomycin in the presence of varying concentrations of human serum HS in vitro to quantify the fraction of daptomycin that is ‘active’. Time kill experiments were performed with daptomycin 0 to 256 mg-L against two MRSA strains at log-phase growth, in the presence of HS 0%, 10%, 30%, 50%, 70% combined with Mueller-Hinton broth. Daptomycin ≥ 2 mg-L achieved 99.9% kill within 8 h at all HS concentrations; early killing activity was slightly attenuated at higher HS concentrations. After 1 h, bacterial reduction of USA300 upon exposure to daptomycin 4 mg-L ranged from -3.1 to -0.5 log10CFU-mL in the presence of 0% to 70% HS, respectively. Bactericidal activity was achieved against both strains at daptomycin ≥ 4 mg-L for all fractions of HS exposure. A mechanism-based mathematical model MBM was developed to estimate the active daptomycin fraction at each %HS, comprising 3 bacterial subpopulations differing in daptomycin susceptibility. Time-kill data were fit with this MBM with excellent precision r2 >0.95. The active fraction of daptomycin was estimated to range from 34.6% to 25.2% at HS fractions of 10% to 70%, respectively. Despite the reported low unbound fraction of daptomycin, the impact of protein binding on the activity of daptomycin was modest. The active fraction approach can be utilized to design in vitro experiments and to optimize therapeutic regimens of daptomycin in humans.



Autor: Samira M. Garonzik, Justin R. Lenhard, Alan Forrest, Patricia N. Holden, Jϋrgen B. Bulitta , Brian T. Tsuji

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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