Materials Research in France: A Short-lived National Initiative 1982-1994.Reportar como inadecuado

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1 CAK-CRHST - Centre Alexandre Koyré - Centre de Recherche en Histoire des Sciences et des Techniques 2 CETCOPRA - Centre d-étude des techniques, des connaissances et des pratiques

Abstract : This paper describes the French initiative in materials research against both a national and an international background, in an attempt to disentangle the local circumstances, which prompted this governmental initiative, and to charac- terize the specific profile of materials research in France. In presenting a biography of the interdisciplinary program in materials research PIRMAT, we argue that: i the PIRMAT denotes a failure of the French science policy in materials research; ii the leadership of the CNRS led to a specific style of research, quite different from the engineering approach of Materials Science and Engineering, and characteristic of a French style in materials research.

Keywords : Materials science ﰀ Engineering ﰀ Science policy ﰀ National style ﰀ Interdisciplinarity

Autor: Emanuel Bertrand - Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent -



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