Multilocus Phylogeography of the Treefrog Scinax eurydice Anura, Hylidae Reveals a Plio-Pleistocene Diversification in the Atlantic ForestReportar como inadecuado




Multilocus Phylogeography of the Treefrog Scinax eurydice Anura, Hylidae Reveals a Plio-Pleistocene Diversification in the Atlantic Forest - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

We aim to evaluate the genetic structure of an Atlantic Forest amphibian species, Scinax eurydice, testing the congruence among patterns identified and proposed by the literature for Pleistocene refugia, microrefugia, and geographic barriers to gene flow such as major rivers. Furthermore, we aim to evaluate predictions of such barriers and refugia on the genetic structure of the species, such as presence-absence of dispersal, timing since separation, and population expansions-contractions. We sequenced mitochondrial and nuclear genetic markers on 94 tissue samples from 41 localities. We inferred a gene tree and estimated genetic distances using mtDNA sequences. We then ran population clustering and assignment methods, AMOVA, and estimated migration rates among populations identified through mtDNA and nDNA analyses. We used a dated species tree, skyline plots, and summary statistics to evaluate concordance between population’s distributions and geographic barriers and Pleistocene refugia. Scinax eurydice showed high mtDNA divergences and four clearly distinct mtDNA lineages. Species tree and population assignment tests supported the existence of two major clades corresponding to northeastern and southeastern Atlantic Forest in Brazil, each one composed of two other clades. Lineage splitting events occurred from late Pliocene to Pleistocene. We identified demographic expansions in two clades, and inexistent to low levels of migrations among different populations. Genetic patterns and demographic data support the existence of two northern Refuge and corroborate microrefugia south of the Doce-Jequitinhonha Rivers biogeographic divide. The results agree with a scenario of recent demographic expansion of lowland taxa. Scinax eurydice comprises a species complex, harboring undescribed taxa consistent with Pleistocene refugia. Two rivers lie at the boundaries among populations and endorse their role as secondary barriers to gene flow.



Autor: Lucas Menezes, Clarissa Canedo, Henrique Batalha-Filho, Adrian Antonio Garda, Marcelo Gehara, Marcelo Felgueiras Napoli

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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