Apolipoprotein A-II Plus Lipid Emulsion Enhance Cell Growth via SR-B1 and Target Pancreatic Cancer In Vitro and In VivoReportar como inadecuado

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Apolipoprotein A-II ApoA-II is down regulated in the sera of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma PDAC patients, which may be due to increase utilization of high density lipoprotein HDL lipid by pancreatic cancer tissue. This study examined the influence of exogenous ApoA-II on lipid uptake and cell growth in pancreatic cancer PC both in vitro and in vivo.


Cryo transmission electron microscopy TEM examined ApoA-II’s influence on morphology of SMOFLipid emulsion. The influence of ApoA-II on proliferation of cancer cell lines was determined by incubating them with lipid+-ApoA-II and anti-SR-B1 antibody. Lipid was labeled with the fluorophore, DiD, to trace lipid uptake by cancer cells in vitro by confocal microscopy and in vivo in PDAC patient derived xenograft tumours PDXT by fluorescence imaging. Scavenger receptor class B type-1SR-B1 expression in PDAC cell lines and in PDAC PDXT was measured by western blotting and immunohistochemistry, respectively.


ApoA-II spontaneously converted lipid emulsion into very small unilamellar rHDL like vesicles rHDL-A-II and enhanced lipid uptake in PANC-1, CFPAC-1 and primary tumour cells as shown by confocal microscopy. SR-B1 expression was 13.2, 10.6, 3.1 and 2.3 fold higher in PANC-1, MIAPaCa-2, CFPAC-1 and BxPC3 cell lines than the normal pancreatic cell line HPDE6 and 3.7 fold greater in PDAC tissue than in normal pancreas. ApoA-II plus lipid significantly increased the uptake of labeled lipid and promoted cell growth in PANC-1, MIAPaCa-2, CFPAC-1 and BxPC3 cells which was inhibited by anti SR-B1 antibody. Further, ApoA-II increased the uptake of lipid in xenografts by 3.4 fold.


Our data suggest that ApoA-II enhance targeting potential of lipid in pancreatic cancer which may have imaging and drug delivery potentialities.

Autor: Sohel M. Julovi , Aiqun Xue , Thao N. Thanh LE, Anthony J. Gill, Jerikho C. Bulanadi, Mili Patel, Lynne J. Waddington, Kerry-Anne

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/


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