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Journal of Sports Medicine - Volume 2014 2014, Article ID 102645, 10 pages -

Research Article

Department of Nursing, Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden

Mid Sweden Research & Development Centre, Västernorrland County Council, 851 70 Sundsvall, Sweden

Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Karolinska Institutet, 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden

Department of Nursing, Umeå University, 901 87 Umeå, Sweden

Received 16 September 2013; Accepted 16 December 2013; Published 16 January 2014

Academic Editor: S. John Sullivan

Copyright © 2014 Mats Jong et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The objective was to illuminate the experience of injuries and the process of injury reporting within the Swedish skydiving culture. Data contained narrative interviews that were subsequently analyzed with content analysis. Seventeen respondents 22–44 years were recruited at three skydiving drop zones in Sweden. In the results injury events related to the full phase of a skydive were described. Risk of injury is individually viewed as an integrated element of the recreational activity counterbalanced by its recreational value. The human factor of inadequate judgment such as miscalculation and distraction dominates the descriptions as causes of injuries. Organization and leadership act as facilitators or constrainers for reporting incidents and injuries. On the basis of this study it is interpreted that safety work and incident reporting in Swedish skydiving may be influenced more by local drop zone culture than the national association regulations. Formal and informal hierarchical structures among skydivers seem to decide how skydiving is practiced, rules are enforced, and injuries are reported. We suggest that initial training and continuing education need to be changed from the current top-down to a bottom-up perspective, where the individual skydiver learns to see the positive implications of safety work and injury reporting.





Autor: Mats Jong, Anton Westman, and Britt-Inger Saveman

Fuente: https://www.hindawi.com/



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