Iontophoresis Improved Growth Reduction of Invasive Squamous Cell Carcinoma in Topical Photodynamic TherapyReportar como inadecuado




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This study examined the potential of iontophoresis in topical photodynamic therapy PDT of human invasive squamous cells carcinomas SCC. SCC was induced in nude BALB-c mice by subcutaneous injection of A431 cells. Tumor penetration and distribution of the photosensitizer tetrasulfonated zinc phthalocyanine ZnPcS4 was investigated after 10 and 30 min of in vivo iontophoresis of a gel containing ZnPcS4. PDT was performed immediately after iontophoresis using laser at 660 nm with a dose of irradiation of 100 J-cm2 and irradiance of 48 mW-cm2 while tumor growth was measured for 30 days. Iontophoresis increased ZnPcS4 penetration into tumors by 6-fold after 30 min when compared with passive delivery. Confocal microscopy analysis showed that ZnPcS4 was homogeneous distributed within deep regions of the tumor after iontophoresis. Irradiation of the tumors immediately after iontophoresis showed reduction in tumor size by more than 2-fold when compared to non-treated tumors. Iontophoretic-PDT treated tumors presented large areas of necrosis. The study concluded that iontophoretic delivery of photosensitizers could be a valuable strategy for topical PDT of invasive SCC.



Autor: Camila Nunes Lemos, Joel Gonçalves de Souza, Patrícia Sper Simão, Renata Fonseca Vianna Lopez

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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