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Društvena istraživanja : journal for general social issues, Vol.25 No.3 November 2016. -

Many soldiers encounter difficulties while transitioning from military

to civilian life. Such severe traumatic events may also have

long-term effects. Previous studies have shown a strong relationship

between coping strategies and posttraumatic stress disorder

PTSD symptoms. The aim of this study was to investigate how

veterans who were exposed to war trauma 20 years ago now

deal with everyday life stressors, and how their current coping

strategies relate to the four-factor model of PTSD. A total of 220

male Croatian Homeland War Veterans between the ages of 38

and 75 participated. Questionnaires included Combat Exposure

Scale, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist – Military Version

and Ways of Coping Questionnaire. Results showed positive

association between dysphoria and escape-avoidance coping

strategy and negative association between dysphoria and positive

reappraisal coping strategy. Given that dysphoria symptoms are

associated with the chronicity of PTSD and poorer response to

PTSD therapy treatment in war veterans, our results underscore

the importance of treating dysphoria symptoms and promoting

engagement coping strategies for this population.

stress; four-factor PTSD model; coping strategies; war veterans; therapy planning

Autor: Martina Knežević - ; Centre for Croatian Studies, Zagreb Dino Krupić - ; Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Osijek San



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