Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor P1446A Induces Apoptosis in a JNK-p38 MAPK-Dependent Manner in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia B-CellsReportar como inadecuado




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CDK cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors have shown remarkable activity in CLL, where its efficacy has been linked to inhibition of the transcriptional CDKs 7 and 9 and deregulation of RNA polymerase and short-lived pro-survival proteins such as MCL1. Furthermore, ER endoplasmic reticulum stress has been implicated in CDK inhibition in CLL. Here we conducted a pre-clinical study of a novel orally active kinase inhibitor P1446A in CLL B-cells. P1446A inhibited CDKs at nanomolar concentrations and induced rapid apoptosis of CLL cells in vitro, irrespective of chromosomal abnormalities or IGHV mutational status. Apoptosis preceded inactivation of RNA polymerase, and was accompanied by phosphorylation of stress kinases JNK c-Jun N-terminal kinase and p38 MAPK mitogen-activated protein kinase. Pharmacologic inhibitors of JNK-p38 MAPK conferred protection from P1446A-mediated apoptosis. Treatment with P1446A led to a dramatic induction of NOXA in a JNK-dependent manner, and sensitized CLL cells to ABT-737, a BH3-mimetic. We observed concurrent activation of apoptosis stress-inducing kinase 1 ASK1 and its interaction with inositol-requiring enzyme 1 IRE1 and tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 2 TRAF2 in CLL cells treated with P1446A, providing insights into upstream regulation of JNK in this setting. Consistent with previous reports on limited functionality of ER stress mechanism in CLL cells, treatment with P1446A failed to induce an extensive unfolded protein response. This study provides rationale for additional investigations of P1446A in CLL.



Autor: Cody Paiva, J. Claire Godbersen, Ryan S. Soderquist, Taylor Rowland, Sumner Kilmarx, Stephen E. Spurgeon, Jennifer R. Brown, Sree

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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