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The execution of reach-to-grasp movements in order to interact with our environment is an important subset of the human movement repertoire. To coordinate such goal-directed movements, information about the relative spatial position of target and effector in this case the hand has to be continuously integrated and processed. Recently, we reported the existence of spatial representations in spiking-activity of the cortical fronto-parietal grasp network Lehmann and Scherberger 2013, and in particular in the anterior intraparietal cortex AIP. To further investigate the nature of these spatial representations, we explored in two rhesus monkeys Macaca mulatta how different frequency bands of the local field potential LFP in AIP are modulated by grip type, target position, and gaze position, during the planning and execution of reach-to-grasp movements. We systematically varied grasp type, spatial target, and gaze position and found that both spatial and grasp information were encoded in a variety of frequency bands 1–13Hz, 13–30Hz, 30–60Hz, and 60–100Hz, respectively. Whereas the representation of grasp type strongly increased towards and during movement execution, spatial information was represented throughout the task. Both spatial and grasp type representations could be readily decoded from all frequency bands. The fact that grasp type and spatial reach information was found not only in spiking activity, but also in various LFP frequency bands of AIP, might significantly contribute to the development of LFP-based neural interfaces for the control of upper limb prostheses.



Autor: Sebastian J. Lehmann, Hansjörg Scherberger

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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