Seasonal Dynamics of Soil Labile Organic Carbon and Enzyme Activities in Relation to Vegetation Types in Hangzhou Bay Tidal Flat WetlandReportar como inadecuado




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Soil labile organic carbon and soil enzymes play important roles in the carbon cycle of coastal wetlands that have high organic carbon accumulation rates. Soils under three vegetations Phragmites australis, Spartina alterniflora, and Scirpusm mariqueter as well as bare mudflat in Hangzhou Bay wetland of China were collected seasonally. Seasonal dynamics and correlations of soil labile organic carbon fractions and soil enzyme activities were analyzed. The results showed that there were significant differences among vegetation types in the contents of soil organic carbon SOC and dissolved organic carbon DOC, excepting for that of microbial biomass carbon MBC. The P. australis soil was with the highest content of both SOC 7.86 g kg-1 and DOC 306 mg kg-1, while the S. mariqueter soil was with the lowest content of SOC 6.83 g kg-1, and the bare mudflat was with the lowest content of DOC 270 mg kg-1. Soil enzyme activities were significantly different among vegetation types except for urease. The P. australis had the highest annual average activity of alkaline phosphomonoesterase 21.4 mg kg-1 h-1, and the S. alterniflora had the highest annual average activities of β-glycosidase 4.10 mg kg-1 h-1 and invertase 9.81mg g-1 24h-1; however, the bare mudflat had the lowest activities of alkaline phosphomonoesterase 16.2 mg kg-1 h-1, β-glycosidase 2.87 mg kg-1 h-1, and invertase 8.02 mg g-1 24h-1. Analysis also showed that the soil labile organic carbon fractions and soil enzyme activities had distinct seasonal dynamics. In addition, the soil MBC content was significantly correlated with the activities of urease and β-glucosidase. The DOC content was significantly correlated with the activities of urease, alkaline phosphomonoesterase, and invertase. The results indicated that vegetation type is an important factor influencing the spatial-temporal variation of soil enzyme activities and labile organic carbon in coastal wetlands.



Autor: Xuexin Shao, Wenying Yang, Ming Wu

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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