Characterization of Remitting and Relapsing Hyperglycemia in Post-Renal-Transplant RecipientsReportar como inadecuado




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Background

Hyperglycemia following solid organ transplant is common among patients without pre-existing diabetes mellitus DM. Post-transplant hyperglycemia can occur once or multiple times, which if continued, causes new-onset diabetes after transplantation NODAT.

Objective

To study if the first and recurrent incidence of hyperglycemia are affected differently by immunosuppressive regimens, demographic and medical-related risk factors, and inpatient hyperglycemic conditions i.e., an emphasis on the time course of post-transplant complications.

Methods

We conducted a retrospective analysis of 407 patients who underwent kidney transplantation at Mayo Clinic Arizona. Among these, there were 292 patients with no signs of DM prior to transplant. For this category of patients, we evaluated the impact of 1 immunosuppressive drugs e.g., tacrolimus, sirolimus, and steroid, 2 demographic and medical-related risk factors, and 3 inpatient hyperglycemic conditions on the first and recurrent incidence of hyperglycemia in one year post-transplant. We employed two versions of Cox regression analyses: 1 a time-dependent model to analyze the recurrent cases of hyperglycemia and 2 a time-independent model to analyze the first incidence of hyperglycemia.

Results

Age P = 0.018, HDL cholesterol P = 0.010, and the average trough level of tacrolimus P<0.0001 are significant risk factors associated with the first incidence of hyperglycemia, while age P<0.0001, non-White race P = 0.002, BMI P = 0.002, HDL cholesterol P = 0.003, uric acid P = 0.012, and using steroid P = 0.007 are the significant risk factors for the recurrent cases of hyperglycemia.

Discussion

This study draws attention to the importance of analyzing the risk factors associated with a disease specially a chronic one with respect to both its first and recurrent incidence, as well as carefully differentiating these two perspectives: a fact that is currently overlooked in the literature.



Autor: Alireza Boloori, Soroush Saghafian , Harini A. Chakkera, Curtiss B. Cook

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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