Modified STOP-Bang Tool for Stratifying Obstructive Sleep Apnea Risk in Adolescent ChildrenReport as inadecuate

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Obstructive sleep apnea OSA is prevalent in children and diagnostic polysomnography is costly and not readily available in all areas. We developed a pediatric modification of a commonly used adult clinical prediction tool for stratifying the risk of OSA and the need for polysomnography.


A total of 312 children age 9–17 years from phase 2 of the Tucson Children’s Assessment of Sleep Apnea cohort study, with complete anthropomorphic data, parent questionnaires, and home polysomnograms were included. An adolescent modification of STOP-Bang teen STOP-Bang was developed and included snoring, tired, observed apnea, blood pressure ≥ 95th percentile, BMI > 95th percentile, academic problems, neck circumference >95th percentile for age, and male gender. An apnea-hypopnea index ≥ 1.5 events-hour was considered diagnostic of OSA.


Receiver Operator Characteristic ROC curves for parent-reported STOP-Bang scores were generated for teenage and pre-teen children. A STOP-Bang score of < 3 in teenagers was associated with a negative predictive value of 0.96. ROC curves were also generated based upon child-reported sexual maturity rating SMR; n = 291. The ability of teen STOP-Bang to discriminate the presence or absence of OSA as measured by the AUC for children with SMR ≥ 4 0.83; 95%CI 0.71–0.95 was better than children with SMR < 4 0.63; 95%CI 0.46–0.81; p = 0.048.


In community dwelling adolescents, teen STOP-Bang may be useful in stratifying the risk of OSA.

Author: Daniel Combs , James L. Goodwin, Stuart F. Quan, Wayne J. Morgan, Sairam Parthasarathy



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