Structural Insight of a Trimodular Halophilic Cellulase with a Family 46 Carbohydrate-Binding ModuleReport as inadecuate




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Cellulases are the key enzymes used in the biofuel industry. A typical cellulase contains a catalytic domain connected to a carbohydrate-binding module CBM through a flexible linker. Here we report the structure of an atypical trimodular cellulase which harbors a catalytic domain, a CBM46 domain and a rigid CBM X domain between them. The catalytic domain shows the features of GH5 family, while the CBM46 domain has a sandwich-like structure. The catalytic domain and the CBM46 domain form an extended substrate binding cleft, within which several tryptophan residues are well exposed. Mutagenesis assays indicate that these residues are essential for the enzymatic activities. Gel affinity electrophoresis shows that these tryptophan residues are involved in the polysaccharide substrate binding. Also, electrostatic potential analysis indicates that almost the entire solvent accessible surface of CelB is negatively charged, which is consistent with the halophilic nature of this enzyme.



Author: Huaidong Zhang , Guimin Zhang , Chaoxiang Yao, Muhammad Junaid, Zhenghui Lu, Houjin Zhang , Yanhe Ma

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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