Retinoic Acid Ameliorates Pancreatic Fibrosis and Inhibits the Activation of Pancreatic Stellate Cells in Mice with Experimental Chronic Pancreatitis via Suppressing the Wnt-β-Catenin Signaling PathwayReportar como inadecuado




Retinoic Acid Ameliorates Pancreatic Fibrosis and Inhibits the Activation of Pancreatic Stellate Cells in Mice with Experimental Chronic Pancreatitis via Suppressing the Wnt-β-Catenin Signaling Pathway - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

Pancreatic fibrosis, a prominent feature of chronic pancreatitis CP, induces persistent and permanent damage in the pancreas. Pancreatic stellate cells PSCs provide a major source of extracellular matrix ECM deposition during pancreatic injury, and persistent activation of PSCs plays a vital role in the progression of pancreatic fibrosis. Retinoic acid RA, a retinoid, has a broad range of biological functions, including regulation of cell differentiation and proliferation, attenuating progressive fibrosis of multiple organs. In the present study, we investigated the effects of RA on fibrosis in experimental CP and cultured PSCs. CP was induced in mice by repetitive cerulein injection in vivo, and mouse PSCs were isolated and activated in vitro. Suppression of pancreatic fibrosis upon administration of RA was confirmed based on reduction of histological damage, α-smooth muscle actin α-SMA expression and mRNA levels of β-catenin, platelet-derived growth factor PDGF-Rβ transforming growth factor TGF-βRII and collagen 1α1 in vivo. Wnt 2 and β-catenin protein levels were markedly down-regulated, while Axin 2 expression level was up-regulated in the presence of RA, both in vivo and in vitro. Nuclear translation of β-catenin was significantly decreased following RA treatment, compared with cerulein-induced CP in mice and activated PSCs. Furthermore, RA induced significant PSC apoptosis, inhibited proliferation, suppressed TCF-LEF-dependent transcriptional activity and ECM production of PSC via down-regulation of TGFβRII, PDGFRβ and collagen 1α1 in vitro. These results indicate a critical role of the Wnt-β-catenin signaling pathway in RA-induced effects on CP and PSC regulation and support the potential of RA as a suppressor of pancreatic fibrosis in mice.



Autor: Wenqin Xiao , Weiliang Jiang , Jie Shen , Guojian Yin, Yuting Fan, Deqing Wu, Lei Qiu, Ge Yu, Miao Xing, Guoyong Hu, Xingpeng Wan

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



DESCARGAR PDF




Documentos relacionados