Fluid Intelligence and Automatic Neural Processes in Facial Expression Perception: An Event-Related Potential StudyReportar como inadecuado




Fluid Intelligence and Automatic Neural Processes in Facial Expression Perception: An Event-Related Potential Study - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

The relationship between human fluid intelligence and social-emotional abilities has been a topic of considerable interest. The current study investigated whether adolescents with different intellectual levels had different automatic neural processing of facial expressions. Two groups of adolescent males were enrolled: a high IQ group and an average IQ group. Age and parental socioeconomic status were matched between the two groups. Participants counted the numbers of the central cross changes while paired facial expressions were presented bilaterally in an oddball paradigm. There were two experimental conditions: a happy condition, in which neutral expressions were standard stimuli p = 0.8 and happy expressions were deviant stimuli p = 0.2, and a fearful condition, in which neutral expressions were standard stimuli p = 0.8 and fearful expressions were deviant stimuli p = 0.2. Participants were required to concentrate on the primary task of counting the central cross changes and to ignore the expressions to ensure that facial expression processing was automatic. Event-related potentials ERPs were obtained during the tasks. The visual mismatch negativity vMMN components were analyzed to index the automatic neural processing of facial expressions. For the early vMMN 50–130 ms, the high IQ group showed more negative vMMN amplitudes than the average IQ group in the happy condition. For the late vMMN 320–450 ms, the high IQ group had greater vMMN responses than the average IQ group over frontal and occipito-temporal areas in the fearful condition, and the average IQ group evoked larger vMMN amplitudes than the high IQ group over occipito-temporal areas in the happy condition. The present study elucidated the close relationships between fluid intelligence and pre-attentive change detection on social-emotional information.



Autor: Tongran Liu , Tong Xiao, Xiaoyan Li, Jiannong Shi

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



DESCARGAR PDF




Documentos relacionados