Passive Leg Raising Correlates with Future Exercise Capacity after Coronary RevascularizationReportar como inadecuado

Passive Leg Raising Correlates with Future Exercise Capacity after Coronary Revascularization - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

Hemodynamic properties affected by the passive leg raise test PLRT reflect cardiac pumping efficiency. In the present study, we aimed to further explore whether PLRT predicts exercise intolerance-capacity following coronary revascularization. Following coronary bypass-percutaneous coronary intervention, 120 inpatients underwent a PLRT and a cardiopulmonary exercise test CPET 2–12 days during post-surgery hospitalization and 3–5 weeks after hospital discharge. The PLRT included head-up, leg raise, and supine rest postures. The end point of the first CPET during admission was the supra-ventilatory anaerobic threshold, whereas that during the second CPET in the outpatient stage was maximal performance. Bio-reactance-based non-invasive cardiac output monitoring was employed during PLRT to measure real-time stroke volume and cardiac output. A correlation matrix showed that stroke volume during leg raise SVLR during the first PLRT was positively correlated R = 0.653 with the anaerobic threshold during the first CPET. When exercise intolerance was defined as an anaerobic threshold < 3 metabolic equivalents, SVLR - body weight had an area under curve value of 0.822, with sensitivity of 0.954, specificity of 0.593, and cut-off value of 1504·10-3mL-kg positive predictive value 0.72; negative predictive value 0.92. Additionally, cardiac output during leg raise COLR during the first PLRT was related to peak oxygen consumption during the second CPET R = 0.678. When poor aerobic fitness was defined as peak oxygen consumption < 5 metabolic equivalents, COLR - body weight had an area under curve value of 0.814, with sensitivity of 0.781, specificity of 0.773, and a cut-off value of 68.3 mL-min-kg positive predictive value 0.83; negative predictive value 0.71. Therefore, we conclude that PLRT during hospitalization has a good screening and predictive power for exercise intolerance-capacity in inpatients and early outpatients following coronary revascularization, which has clinical significance.

Autor: Shu-Chun Huang, May-Kuen Wong, Pyng-Jing Lin, Feng-Chun Tsai, Ming-Shien Wen, Chi-Tai Kuo, Chih-Chin Hsu, Jong-Shyan Wang



Documentos relacionados