A Structural Equation Modeling Approach to Examining Factors Influencing Outcomes with Cochlear Implant in Mandarin-Speaking ChildrenReportar como inadecuado




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Objective

To examine the direct and indirect effects of demographical factors on speech perception and vocabulary outcomes of Mandarin-speaking children with cochlear implants CIs.

Methods

115 participants implanted before the age of 5 and who had used CI before 1 to 3 years were evaluated using a battery of speech perception and vocabulary tests. Structural equation modeling was used to test the hypotheses proposed.

Results

Early implantation significantly contributed to speech perception outcomes while having undergone a hearing aid trial HAT before implantation, maternal educational level MEL, and having undergone universal newborn hearing screening UNHS before implantation had indirect effects on speech perception outcomes via their effects on age at implantation. In addition, both age at implantation and MEL had direct and indirect effects on vocabulary skills, while UNHS and HAT had indirect effects on vocabulary outcomes via their effects on age at implantation.

Conclusion

A number of factors had indirect and direct effects on speech perception and vocabulary outcomes in Mandarin-speaking children with CIs and these factors were not necessarily identical to those reported among their English-speaking counterparts.



Autor: Yuan Chen , Lena L. N. Wong, Shufeng Zhu, Xin Xi

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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