TEMPERAMENT, CHARACTER, AND SUICIDALITY AMONG CROATIAN WAR VETERANS WITH POSTTRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDERReportar como inadecuado




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Psychiatria Danubina, Vol.27 No.1 March 2015. -

Background: The occurrence of suicidal thoughts and behaviors is rather frequent among war veterans, particularly those

suffering from posttraumatic stress disorder PTSD. Understanding factors present within these individuals that increase suicide

risk may inform prevention efforts. The present study aimed to determine whether the dimensions of temperament and character are

associated with various aspects of suicidality among Croatian war veterans with PTSD.

Subjects and methods: A sample of 72 Croatian male war veterans mean age 52.33 years diagnosed with PTSD was gathered

at the National Center for Psychotrauma between May and October 2014. The participants completed the Temperament and

Character Inventory - Revised TCI-R and the Suicidal Behaviors Questionnaire - Revised SBQ-R.

Results: Zero-order analyses revealed that temperament dimension Harm avoidance and character dimension Self-directedness

were moderately associated with the total risk for suicide i.e., the SBQ-R total score, while Persistence and Cooperativeness

showed significant but weaker relations. Different dimensions of suicidality were associated with different personality traits. Harm

Avoidance was shown to be significantly increased among the subgroup of war veterans with high suicidal risk.

Conclusions: Notwithstanding some limitations of this study, these findings could help extend our understanding of the elevated

suicide risk in war veterans with PTSD. Detection of individuals displaying high Harm Avoidance and low Self-Directedness might

facilitate prevention of suicidal behaviors in this population.

temperament – character – personality – suicide – war veterans – PTSD – Croatia



Autor: Nenad Jakšić - ; National Center for Psychotrauma, Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital Center Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia

Fuente: http://hrcak.srce.hr/



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