The close circumstellar environment of the semi-regular S-type star Pi^1 GruisReport as inadecuate

The close circumstellar environment of the semi-regular S-type star Pi^1 Gruis - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

1 LG - Laboratoire Gemini 2 Institute for Astronomy Vienna 3 Institut d-Astronomie et d-Astrophysique, Université Libre de Bruxelles 4 MPIFR - Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie 5 LSW - Landessternwarte Königstuhl ZAH

Abstract : We study the close circumstellar environment of the nearby S-type star Pi^1 Gruis using high spatial-resolution, mid-infrared observations from the ESO-VLTI. Spectra and visibilities were obtained with the MIDI interferometer on the VLT Auxiliary Telescopes. The cool M5III giant Beta Gruis was used as bright primary calibrator, and a dedicated spectro-interferometric study was undertaken to determine its angular diameter accurately. The MIDI measurements were fitted with the 1D numerical radiative transfer code DUSTY to determine the dust shell parameters of Pi^1 Gruis. Taking into account the low spatial extension of the model in the 8-9 µm spectral band for the smallest projected baselines, we consider the possibility of a supplementary molecular shell. The MIDI visibility and phase data are mostly dominated by the spherical 21 mas 694 Rsol central star, while the extended dusty environment is over-resolved even with the shortest baselines. No obvious departure from spherical symmetry is found on the milliarcsecond scale. The spectro-interferometric observations are well-fitted by an optically thin taudust

Author: Stéphane Sacuto - Alain Jorissen - Pierre Cruzalèbes - Olivier Chesneau - Keiichi Ohnaka - Andreas Quirrenbach - Bruno Lopez -



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