Hyperphosphatemia Is an Independent Risk Factor for Mortality in Critically Ill Patients: Results from a Cross-Sectional StudyReportar como inadecuado




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Background

Phosphate imbalances or disorders have a high risk of morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease. It is unknown if this finding extends to mortality in patients presenting at an emergency room with or without normal kidney function.

Methods and Patients

This cross sectional analysis included all emergency room patients between 2010 and 2011 at the Inselspital Bern, Switzerland. A multivariable cox regression model was applied to assess the association between phosphate levels and in-hospital mortality up to 28 days.

Results

22,239 subjects were screened for the study. Plasma phosphate concentrations were measured in 2,390 patients on hospital admission and were included in the analysis. 3.5% of the 480 patients with hypophosphatemia and 10.7% of the 215 patients with hyperphosphatemia died. In univariate analysis, phosphate levels were associated with mortality, age, diuretic therapy and kidney function all p<0.001. In a multivariate Cox regression model, hyperphosphatemia OR 3.29, p<0.001 was a strong independent risk factor for mortality. Hypophosphatemia was not associated with mortality p>0.05.

Conclusion

Hyperphosphatemia is associated with 28-day in-hospital mortality in an unselected cohort of patients presenting in an emergency room.



Autor: Dominik G. Haider , Gregor Lindner, Michael Wolzt, Sufian S. Ahmad, Thomas Sauter, Alexander Benedikt Leichtle, Georg-Martin Fied

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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