Biophysical Assessment and Predicted Thermophysiologic Effects of Body ArmorReportar como inadecuado




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Introduction

Military personnel are often required to wear ballistic protection in order to defend against enemies. However, this added protection increases mass carried and imposes additional thermal burden on the individual. Body armor BA is known to reduce combat casualties, but the effects of BA mass and insulation on the physical performance of soldiers are less well documented. Until recently, the emphasis has been increasing personal protection, with little consideration of the adverse impacts on human performance.

Objective

The purpose of this work was to use sweating thermal manikin and mathematical modeling techniques to quantify the tradeoff between increased BA protection, the accompanying mass, and thermal effects on human performance.

Methods

Using a sweating thermal manikin, total insulation IT, clo and vapor permeability indexes im were measured for a baseline clothing ensemble with and without one of seven increasingly protective U.S. Army BA configurations. Using mathematical modeling, predictions were made of thermal impact on humans wearing each configuration while working in hot-dry desert, hot-humid jungle, and temperate environmental conditions.

Results

In nearly still air 0.4 m-s, IT ranged from 1.57 to 1.63 clo and im from 0.35 to 0.42 for the seven BA conditions, compared to IT and im values of 1.37 clo and 0.45 respectively, for the baseline condition no BA.

Conclusion

Biophysical assessments and predictive modeling show a quantifiable relationship exists among increased protection and increased thermal burden and decreased work capacity. This approach enables quantitative analysis of the tradeoffs between ballistic protection, thermal-work strain, and physical work performance.



Autor: Adam W. Potter , Julio A. Gonzalez, Anthony J. Karis, Xiaojiang Xu

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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