Integrated biomass gasification combined cycle distributed generation plant with reciprocating gas engine and ORCReportar como inadecuado




Integrated biomass gasification combined cycle distributed generation plant with reciprocating gas engine and ORC - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

* Corresponding author 1 Silesian University of Technology Institute of Thermal Technology Konarskiego 22

Abstract : The paper theoretically investigates the performance of a distributed generation plant made up of gasifier, Internal Combustion Engine ICE and Organic Rankine Cycle ORC machine as a bottoming unit. The system can be used for maximization of electricity production from biomass in the case where there is no heat demand for cogeneration plant. To analyze the performance of the gasifier a model based on the thermodynamic equilibrium approach is used. Performance of the gas engine is estimated on the basis of the analysis of its theoretical thermodynamic cycle. Three different setups of the plant are being examined. In the first one the ORC module is driven only by heat recovered from engine exhaust gas and cooling water. Waste heat from a gasifier is used for gasification air preheating. In the second configuration a thermal oil circuit is applied. The oil transfers heat from engine and raw gas cooler into the ORC. In the third configuration it is proposed to apply a double cascade arrangement of the ORC unit with a two stage low temperature evaporation of working fluid. This novel approach allows utilization of the total waste heat from the low temperature engine cooling circuit. Two gas engines of different characteristics are taken into account. The results obtained were compared in terms of electric energy generation efficiency of the system. The lowest obtained value of the efficiency was 23.6% while the highest one was 28.3%. These are very favorable values in comparison with other existing small and medium scale biomass fuelled power generation plants.

Keywords : Renewable Energy Internal Combustion Engines Organic Rankine Cycle Distributed Generation Combined Cycles





Autor: Jacek Kalina -

Fuente: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/



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