Associations between transition to retirement and changes in dietary intakes in French adults NutriNet-Santé cohort studyReport as inadecuate

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International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity

, 14:71

First Online: 30 May 2017Received: 31 January 2017Accepted: 22 May 2017DOI: 10.1186-s12966-017-0527-6

Cite this article as: Si Hassen, W., Castetbon, K., Lelièvre, E. et al. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 2017 14: 71. doi:10.1186-s12966-017-0527-6


BackgroundFew studies have focused on the influence of retirement on dietary behaviors. Our study aimed at assessing the associations between transition to retirement and changes in dietary intake in French adults, particularly according to spousal retirement and baseline income.

MethodsThis prospective study included 577 French participants from the NutriNet-Santé cohort who retired over a 5-year follow-up 2009–2014 or 2010–2015. At baseline and every year, dietary intakes were assessed using 24 h records. Repeated measures of dietary intake were analysed using mixed models adjusted for energy with random effects of time and period before and after retirement to assess changes following retirement for each gender.

ResultsAfter retirement, intakes of saturated fatty acids and sodium increased in both genders. Women showed specific changes after retirement: decrease in the score of adherence to recommendations and in intakes of fruits, proteins, vitamins; increase in intakes of fatty sweet products. In men with the lowest income at baseline, specific changes in intake were associated with retirement such as decrease in intake of dairy products and increase in intake of lipids.

ConclusionsTransition to retirement was associated with unhealthier dietary intakes. These results may help defining interventions during this vulnerable life-period.

Trial registrationThis study was conducted according to guidelines laid down in the Declaration of Helsinki and all procedures were approved by the Institutional Review Board of the French Institute for Health and Medical Research IRB Inserm No. 0000388FWA00005831 and the French Data Protection Authority Commission Nationale Informatique et Libertés No. 908450 and No. 909216. Electronic informed consents were obtained from all participants.

KeywordsDietary intake Life course Prospective study Retirement AbbreviationsHUHousehold unit

mPNNS GSModified French Programme National Nutrition Santé - Guideline Score

PNNS GSFrench Programme National Nutrition Santé - Guideline Score

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-s12966-017-0527-6 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Author: Wendy Si Hassen - Katia Castetbon - Eva Lelièvre - Aurélie Lampuré - Serge Hercberg - Caroline Méjean


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