Large schwannoma of the femur – a common tumor at an unusual site: a case report and review of the literatureReportar como inadecuado

Large schwannoma of the femur – a common tumor at an unusual site: a case report and review of the literature - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

Journal of Medical Case Reports

, 11:147

First Online: 31 May 2017Received: 02 November 2016Accepted: 07 May 2017DOI: 10.1186-s13256-017-1314-3

Cite this article as: Perera, N., de Silva, C. & Perera, V. J Med Case Reports 2017 11: 147. doi:10.1186-s13256-017-1314-3


BackgroundSchwannomas are benign nerve sheath tumors and are most frequently encountered as soft tissue tumors of peripheral nerves of the head and neck or the extensor extremities. Osseous involvement is very uncommon with fewer than 200 cases described in the world literature, the majority of which arise in the skull including mandible, vertebrae, and sacrum. Long bone involvement is highly unusual and of the approximately 20 cases described thus far, only five have been documented to arise in the femur. We describe an unusually large schwannoma of the femur which was discovered incidentally and was diagnosed only after biopsy, given the rarity of this tumor at that particular site. Following prophylactic internal fixation and bone grafting, our patient remains well and disease-free, 2.5 years later.

Case presentationA 56-year-old Sri Lankan woman was discovered to have a large lytic lesion in her lower femur on routine X-ray following a fall. A history and physical examination, along with selective imaging and tissue sampling, were necessary to arrive at the diagnosis of schwannoma of the femur. The clinical presentation, radiology, pathology, and surgical management are discussed and contrasted with the other five cases documented in the literature. The tumor was successfully treated with evacuation through a lateral surgical approach and internal fixation. She remains well and disease-free 2.5 years later.

ConclusionsWe present the case of an unusually large lytic lesion found incidentally in the femur of a 56-year-old woman, which was subsequently diagnosed to be a schwannoma on biopsy. Its exceptional rarity in long bones makes it less likely to be considered in an initial differential diagnosis, and we stress the importance of tissue biopsy for diagnosis.

KeywordsCase reports Schwannoma Femur Neurilemmoma 

Autor: Niranthi Perera - Chandu de Silva - Vasantha Perera


Documentos relacionados