Differential Antigen Expression Profile Predicts Immunoreactive Subset of Advanced Ovarian CancersReportar como inadecuado

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The presence and composition of lymphocytes characterizing an immune response has been connected to prognosis in advanced ovarian cancer. Our aim is to establish novel associations between prognosis and the expression of immune-related genes through a focused screen utilizing publicly available high-throughput assays. We consider transcriptome profiles from advanced ovarian cancer patients observed in four separate studies divided into discovery-validation sets -. We focus on a subset of lymphocyte markers, antigen presentation and processing genes, T cell receptor associated co-stimulatory-repressor genes and cancer testis CT antigens. We modeled differential expression and co-expression using these subsets and tested for association with overall survival. Fifteen of 64 immune-related genes are associated with survival of which 5 are reproduced in the validation set. The expression of these genes defines an immunoreactive IR subgroup of patients with a favorable prognosis. Phenotypic characterization of the immune compartment signal includes upregulation of markers of CD8+ T-cell activation in these patients. Using multivariate model building, we find that the expression of 6 CT antigens can predict IR status in the discovery and validation sets. These analyses confirm that a genomic approach can reproducibly detect lymphocyte signals in tumor tissue suggesting a novel way to study the tumor microenvironment. Our search has identified new candidate prognostic markers associated with immune components and uncovered preliminary evidence of prognostic subgroups associated with different immune mechanisms.

Autor: Kevin H. Eng , Takemasa Tsuji

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/


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