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Purpose

We describe a novel approach to analyze fluorescein angiography to investigate fluorescein flow dynamics in the rat posterior retina as well as identify abnormal areas following laser photocoagulation.

Methods

Experiments were undertaken in adult Long Evans rats. Using a rodent retinal camera, videos were acquired at 30 frames per second for 30 seconds following intravenous introduction of sodium fluorescein in a group of control animals n = 14. Videos were image registered and analyzed using principle components analysis across all pixels in the field. This returns fluorescence intensity profiles from which, the half-rise time to 50% brightness, half-fall time for 50% decay back to an offset plateau level of fluorescence. We applied this analysis to video fluorescein angiography data collected 30 minutes following laser photocoagulation in a separate group of rats n = 7.

Results

Pixel-by-pixel analysis of video angiography clearly delineates differences in the temporal profiles of arteries, veins and capillaries in the posterior retina. We find no difference in half-rise, half-fall or offset amongst the four quadrants inferior, nasal, superior, temporal. We also found little difference with eccentricity. By expressing the parameters at each pixel as a function of the number of standard deviation from the average of the entire field, we could clearly identify the spatial extent of the laser injury.

Conclusions

This simple registration and analysis provides a way to monitor the size of vascular injury, to highlight areas of subtle vascular leakage and to quantify vascular dynamics not possible using current fluorescein angiography approaches. This can be applied in both laboratory and clinical settings for in vivo dynamic fluorescent imaging of vasculature.



Autor: Flora Hui, Christine T. O. Nguyen, Phillip A. Bedggood, Zheng He, Rebecca L. Fish, Rachel Gurrell, Algis J. Vingrys, Bang V. Bui

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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