Characterization of a Prawn OA-TA Receptor in Xenopus Oocytes Suggests Functional Selectivity between Octopamine and TyramineReportar como inadecuado

Characterization of a Prawn OA-TA Receptor in Xenopus Oocytes Suggests Functional Selectivity between Octopamine and Tyramine - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

Here we report the characterization of an octopamine-tyramine OA-TA or TyrR1 receptor OA-TAMac cloned from the freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii, an animal used in the study of agonistic social behavior. The invertebrate OA-TA receptors are seven trans-membrane domain G-protein coupled receptors that are related to vertebrate adrenergic receptors. Behavioral studies in arthropods indicate that octopaminergic signaling systems modulate fight or flight behaviors with octopamine and-or tyramine functioning in a similar way to the adrenalins in vertebrate systems. Despite the importance of octopamine signaling in behavioral studies of decapod crustaceans there are no functional data available for any of their octopamine or tyramine receptors. We expressed OA-TAMac in Xenopus oocytes where agonist-evoked trans-membrane currents were used as readouts of receptor activity. The currents were most effectively evoked by tyramine but were also evoked by octopamine and dopamine. They were effectively blocked by yohimbine. The electrophysiological approach we used enabled the continuous observation of complex dynamics over time. Using voltage steps, we were able to simultaneously resolve two types of endogenous currents that are affected over different time scales. At higher concentrations we observe that octopamine and tyramine can produce different and opposing effects on both of these currents, presumably through the activity of the single expressed receptor type. The pharmacological profile and apparent functional-selectivity are consistent with properties first observed in the OA-TA receptor from the insect Drosophila melanogaster. As the first functional data reported for any crustacean OA-TA receptor, these results suggest that functional-selectivity between tyramine and octopamine is a feature of this receptor type that may be conserved among arthropods.

Autor: Sami H. Jezzini, Dalynés Reyes-Colón, María A. Sosa



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