Effects of Surfactants on the Improvement of Sludge Dewaterability Using Cationic FlocculantsReportar como inadecuado




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The effects of the cationic surfactant cationic cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide, CTAB on the improvement of the sludge dewaterability using the cationic flocculant cationic polyacrylamide, CPAM were analyzed. Residual turbidity of supernatant, dry solid DS content, extracellular polymeric substances EPS, specific resistance to filtration SRF, zeta potential, floc size, and settling rate were investigated, respectively. The result showed that the CTAB positively affected the sludge conditioning and dewatering. Compared to not using surfactant, the DS and the settling rate increased by 8%–21.2% and 9.2%–15.1%, respectively, at 40 mg·L−1 CPAM, 10×10−3 mg·L−1 CTAB, and pH 3. The residual turbidities of the supernatant and SRF were reduced by 14.6%–31.1% and 6.9%–7.8% compared with turbidities and SRF without surfactant. Furthermore, the release of sludge EPS, the increases in size of the sludge flocs, and the sludge settling rate were found to be the main reasons for the CTAB improvement of sludge dewatering performance.



Autor: Yongjun Sun , Huaili Zheng , Jun Zhai, Houkai Teng, Chun Zhao, Chuanliang Zhao, Yong Liao

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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