The role of water vendors in water service delivery in developing countries: a case of Dala local government, Kano, NigeriaReportar como inadecuado

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Applied Water Science

, Volume 7, Issue 3, pp 1191–1201

First Online: 03 December 2016Received: 20 December 2013Accepted: 22 November 2016DOI: 10.1007-s13201-016-0507-z

Cite this article as: Ahmad, M.T. Appl Water Sci 2017 7: 1191. doi:10.1007-s13201-016-0507-z


In Nigeria, more than 60 million people are required to meet Millennium Development Goals MDGs target for improved water by 2015 and is unlikely to be achieved only by public supply. To cover these water availability gaps water vendors exist and ignoring their role is potentially deceptive. The aim of this paper is to assess the role of water vendors in meeting these peoples’ need and elicit household’s willingness-to-pay for improved supply. The research includes cross-sectional mixed method in which questionnaire survey was performed to 218 households; and interviews and focus group discussion were conducted with water vendors. Findings reveal that water vendors supplied most households irrespective of season. Retail vendors buy 25 l at ₦4.00 $0.013 from wholesale vendors and resale at ₦20.08 $0.07 during dry and at ₦14.02 $0.05 in wet season. The price is 28 and 40 times the cost of in-house connection from Kano State Water Board KNSWB during rainy and dry season, respectively. Vendors who buy from hand-dug wells pay ₦100.00 $0.33 per day and draw as much water within that day. Furthermore, willingness-to-pay for in-house connection was elicited as ₦367.00 $1.20, lower than monthly flat fixed tariff set by KNSWB. The study recommends recognizing vendors formally in form of public private partnership so that technical and financial support be given, thus their activities and charges be regulated. People’s perception on water should be changed through education and enlightening. Further research should focus on estimating total volume of water supplied by water vendors.

KeywordsWater vendors Nigeria Low income Water supply Households Willingness-to-pay 

Autor: Muhammad Tajuri Ahmad


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