The Potential of Vaccines for the Control of AIDSReportar como inadecuado

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Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases - Volume 5 1994, Suppl A, Pages 36A-41A

Division of AIDS, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA

Copyright © 1994 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The goal of a prophylactic human immunodeficiency HIV vaccine is to elicit immune responses that will, upon subsequent exposure to HIV. prevent lnfection and-or disease. On the other hand. therapeutic administration of a vaccine to an individual in whom infection is already established might benefit the individual by augmenting existing functional immune responses or inducing new ones. Development of vaccines for the prevention of AIDS offers unique challenges. Concerns regarding the safelyof attenuated and whole-killed products have led to the pursuit of alternativc designs. including recombinant proteins, vectors and particles, synthetic peptides and naked DNA. Seven recombinant envelope. two recombinant vector and four other candidate vaccines that have entered into phase 1 trials in noninfected individuals have proven safe to date, and have differed In their ability lo induce functional antibody and Cytotoxic T lymphocytes. Two recombinant envelope products have recently progressed to phase 2 testing, Five envelope-based and six other products have entered trial in HIV-infected and individuals and have appeared to be safe, Evidence of new antibody, increased T cell proliferation and lncreased cytotoxic T lymphocyte activity have been reported. Additional placebo controlled trials will be required to evaluate the impact of therapeutic vaccination on CD4 cell count. viral burdrn and clinical end-points. The status of HIV-AIDS vaccine development is reviewed. with emphasis on the challenging task of finding an effieacious, safe, prophylactic vaccine.

Autor: Margaret I Johnston, Patricia E Fast, Mary Clare Walker, and Daniel Hoth



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