Ethanol Impairs Intestinal Barrier Function in Humans through Mitogen Activated Protein Kinase Signaling: A Combined In Vivo and In Vitro ApproachReportar como inadecuado




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Background

Ethanol-induced gut barrier disruption is associated with several gastrointestinal and liver disorders.

Aim

Since human data on effects of moderate ethanol consumption on intestinal barrier integrity and involved mechanisms are limited, the objectives of this study were to investigate effects of a single moderate ethanol dose on small and large intestinal permeability and to explore the role of mitogen activated protein kinase MAPK pathway as a primary signaling mechanism.

Methods

Intestinal permeability was assessed in 12 healthy volunteers after intraduodenal administration of either placebo or 20 g ethanol in a randomised cross-over trial. Localization of the tight junction TJ and gene expression, phosphorylation of the MAPK isoforms p38, ERK and JNK as indicative of activation were analyzed in duodenal biopsies. The role of MAPK was further examined in vitro using Caco-2 monolayers.

Results

Ethanol increased small and large intestinal permeability, paralleled by redistribution of ZO-1 and occludin, down-regulation of ZO-1 and up-regulation of myosin light chain kinase MLCK mRNA expression, and increased MAPK isoforms phosphorylation. In Caco-2 monolayers, ethanol increased permeability, induced redistribution of the junctional proteins and F-actin, and MAPK and MLCK activation, as indicated by phosphorylation of MAPK isoforms and myosin light chain MLC, respectively, which could be reversed by pretreatment with either MAPK inhibitors or the anti-oxidant L-cysteine.

Conclusions

Administration of moderate ethanol dosage can increase both small and colon permeability. Furthermore, the data indicate a pivotal role for MAPK and its crosstalk with MLCK in ethanol-induced intestinal barrier disruption.

Trial Registration

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00928733



Autor: Elhaseen Elamin, Ad Masclee , Freddy Troost, Harm-Jan Pieters, Daniel Keszthelyi, Katarina Aleksa, Jan Dekker, Daisy Jonkers

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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