Cellular, Molecular and Functional Characterisation of YAC Transgenic Mouse Models of Friedreich AtaxiaReportar como inadecuado




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Background

Friedreich ataxia FRDA is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder, caused by a GAA repeat expansion mutation within intron 1 of the FXN gene. We have previously established and performed preliminary characterisation of several human FXN yeast artificial chromosome YAC transgenic FRDA mouse models containing GAA repeat expansions, Y47R 9 GAA repeats, YG8R 90 and 190 GAA repeats and YG22R 190 GAA repeats.

Methodology-Principal Findings

We now report extended cellular, molecular and functional characterisation of these FXN YAC transgenic mouse models. FXN transgene copy number analysis of the FRDA mice demonstrated that the YG22R and Y47R lines each have a single copy of the FXN transgene while the YG8R line has two copies. Single integration sites of all transgenes were confirmed by fluorescence in situ hybridisation FISH analysis of metaphase and interphase chromosomes. We identified significant functional deficits, together with a degree of glucose intolerance and insulin hypersensitivity, in YG8R and YG22R FRDA mice compared to Y47R and wild-type control mice. We also confirmed increased somatic GAA repeat instability in the cerebellum and brain of YG22R and YG8R mice, together with significantly reduced levels of FXN mRNA and protein in the brain and liver of YG8R and YG22R compared to Y47R.

Conclusions-Significance

Together these studies provide a detailed characterisation of our GAA repeat expansion-based YAC transgenic FRDA mouse models that will help investigations of FRDA disease mechanisms and therapy.



Autor: Sara Anjomani Virmouni, Chiranjeevi Sandi, Sahar Al-Mahdawi, Mark A. Pook

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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