The bee, the flower, and the electric field: electric ecology and aerial electroreceptionReport as inadecuate

The bee, the flower, and the electric field: electric ecology and aerial electroreception - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Journal of Comparative Physiology A

pp 1–12

First Online: 24 June 2017Received: 15 December 2016Revised: 26 April 2017Accepted: 27 April 2017DOI: 10.1007-s00359-017-1176-6

Cite this article as: Clarke, D., Morley, E. & Robert, D. J Comp Physiol A 2017. doi:10.1007-s00359-017-1176-6


Bees and flowering plants have a long-standing and remarkable co-evolutionary history. Flowers and bees evolved traits that enable pollination, a process that is as important to plants as it is for pollinating insects. From the sensory ecological viewpoint, bee–flower interactions rely on senses such as vision, olfaction, humidity sensing, and touch. Recently, another sensory modality has been unveiled; the detection of the weak electrostatic field that arises between a flower and a bee. Here, we present our latest understanding of how these electric interactions arise and how they contribute to pollination and electroreception. Finite-element modelling and experimental evidence offer new insights into how these interactions are organised and how they can be further studied. Focussing on pollen transfer, we deconstruct some of the salient features of the three ingredients that enable electrostatic interactions, namely the atmospheric electric field, the capacity of bees to accumulate positive charge, and the propensity of plants to be relatively negatively charged. This article also aims at highlighting areas in need of further investigation, where more research is required to better understand the mechanisms of electrostatic interactions and aerial electroreception.

KeywordsBees Plants Electric fields Pollen Mechanoreception 

Author: Dominic Clarke - Erica Morley - Daniel Robert


Related documents