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Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences

, Volume 16, Issue 3, pp 387–402

First Online: 12 March 2016DOI: 10.1007-s11097-016-9458-y

Cite this article as: Carter, A., Collin, J.H. & Palermos, O. Phenom Cogn Sci 2017 16: 387. doi:10.1007-s11097-016-9458-y


Within contemporary philosophy of mind, it is taken for granted that externalist accounts of meaning and mental content are, in principle, orthogonal to the matter of whether cognition itself is bound within the biological brain or whether it can constitutively include parts of the world. Accordingly, Clark and Chalmers Analysis 581:7–19, 1998 distinguish these varieties of externalism as ‘passive’ and ‘active’ respectively. The aim here is to suggest that we should resist the received way of thinking about these dividing lines. With reference to Brandom’s 1994, 2000, Inquiry 47:236–253, 2008 broad semantic inferentialism, we show that a theory of meaning can be at the same time a variety of active externalism. While we grant that supporters of other varieties of content externalism e.g., Putnam 1975 and Burge Philosophical Review 95:3–45, 1986 can deny active externalism, this is not an option for semantic inferentialists: On this latter view, the role of the environment both in its social and natural form is not ‘passive’ in the sense assumed by the alternative approaches to content externalism.

KeywordsActive externalism Extended cognition Semantic inferentialism 

Autor: Adam Carter - James H. Collin - Orestis Palermos


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