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The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology

, Volume 91, Issue 5–8, pp 2465–2475

First Online: 06 January 2017Received: 21 August 2016Accepted: 11 December 2016DOI: 10.1007-s00170-016-9876-6

Cite this article as: Charalambous, G., Fletcher, S.R. & Webb, P. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 2017 91: 2465. doi:10.1007-s00170-016-9876-6


The concept of industrial human-robot collaboration HRC is becoming increasingly attractive as a means for enhancing manufacturing productivity and product. However, due to traditional preventive health and safety standards, there have been few operational examples of true HRC, so it has not been possible to explore the organisational human factors that need to be considered by manufacturing organisations to realise the benefits of industrial HRC until recently. Charalambous, Fletcher and Webb 2015 made the first attempt to identify the key organisational human factors for the successful implementation of industrial HRC through an industrial exploratory case study. This work enabled i development of a theoretical framework of key organisational human factors relevant to industrial HRC and ii identification of these factors as enablers or barriers. Although identifying the key organisational human factors HF was an important step, it presented a crucial question: when should practitioners involved in HRC design and implementation consider these factors? New industrial processes are typically designed and implemented using a maturity or readiness evaluation system, but these do not incorporate of or link to any formal considerations of HF. The aim of this paper is to expand on the previous findings and link the key human factors in the theoretical framework directly to a recognised industrial maturity readiness level system to develop a new Human Factors Readiness Level HFRL tool for system design practitioners to optimise successful implementation of industrial HRC.

KeywordsHuman factors Human-robot collaboration Industrial robots Technology readiness Automation acceptance Intelligent automation Download to read the full article text

Autor: George Charalambous - Sarah R. Fletcher - Philip Webb


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