Influences of pH and CO2 on the formation of Metasilicate mineral water in Changbai Mountain, Northeast ChinaReportar como inadecuado




Influences of pH and CO2 on the formation of Metasilicate mineral water in Changbai Mountain, Northeast China - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

Applied Water Science

, Volume 7, Issue 4, pp 1657–1667

First Online: 21 July 2015Received: 28 March 2015Accepted: 07 July 2015DOI: 10.1007-s13201-015-0317-8

Cite this article as: Yan, B., Xiao, C., Liang, X. et al. Appl Water Sci 2017 7: 1657. doi:10.1007-s13201-015-0317-8

Abstract

Mineral dissolution reactions actively participate in controlling the composition of mineral water. In this study, water soluble, acidic–alkaline and carbonated solution experiments were designed, and mineral reaction mechanisms were researched using chemical kinetics and the minimum free-energy method. The results showed that the release of metasilicate was controlled by pH, CO2, and rock characteristics. In the water soluble experiment, the release process of metasilicate in powdered rocks reached equilibrium after 40 days, while metasilicate in solid rocks took 170 days. The release process of metasilicate in solid rocks satisfied an asymptotic model, while in powdered rocks it accorded with the Stanford reaction kinetic model. In the acidic–alkaline experiment, metasilicate was released earlier under acidic conditions 2.46 < pH < 7 than under alkaline conditions 7 < pH < 10.61. The release process of metasilicate under acidic conditions reached equilibrium in 40 days, compared with 60 days for alkaline conditions. The addition of CO2 to the water solution was beneficial to the formation of metasilicate. Under neutral pH conditions, the reaction barely occurred. Under alkaline conditions, metasilicate was produced by the hydrolysis of metasilicate minerals. Under acidic and additional CO2 conditions, metasilicate formation was mainly via the reaction of H, CO2, and metasilicate minerals. From these results, we concluded that the metasilicate mineral water from the Changbai Mountains, Jingyu County, is generated by a combination of the hydrolysis of metasilicate minerals and the reaction of H, CO2, and metasilicate minerals. These results can contribute to a better development and protection of the mineral water resources in the Changbai Mountains.

KeywordsMineral water Metasilicate pH CO2 Chemical kinetics analysis Minimum free energy Changbai Mountain 



Autor: Baizhong Yan - Changlai Xiao - Xiujuan Liang - Shili Wu

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







Documentos relacionados