Microbiological evaluation of drinking water sold by roadside vendors of Delhi, IndiaReport as inadecuate

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Applied Water Science

, Volume 7, Issue 4, pp 1635–1644

First Online: 25 July 2015Received: 09 March 2015Accepted: 07 July 2015DOI: 10.1007-s13201-015-0315-x

Cite this article as: Chauhan, A., Goyal, P., Varma, A. et al. Appl Water Sci 2017 7: 1635. doi:10.1007-s13201-015-0315-x


Delhi has emerged as one of the greenest capital city of the world. Microbiological assessment of drinking water emphasizes estimation of the hygienic quality of the water sold with reference to community health significance. This study was conducted to evaluate the quality of drinking water sold by roadside vendors in east, west, north and south zones of capital of India. A total number of 36 samples nine from each zone were collected as per national guidelines and studied for microbiological assessment. All the drinking water samples were collected in gamma-sterilized bottles and were kept in an ice pack to prevent any significant change in the microbial flora of the samples during the transportation. The water samples were transported to the laboratory in vertical position maintaining the temperature 1–4 °C with ice pack enveloped conditions. Samples were analyzed for total MPN coliform per 100 ml and for the presence and absence of common human pathogenic bacteria such as Escherichia coli, Salmonella, Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. All the samples were found to be contaminated with coliform organisms in the range of 14 to >1600 per 100 ml of sample. Out of 36 water samples, the occurrence of E. coli was 61 %, Salmonella 25 % S. aureus 14 % and P. aeruginosa 53 % as 22, 9, 5 and 19 samples were found contaminated, respectively. The numbers of coliform bacteria and presence of some common pathogenic bacteria suggested that the quality of drinking water sold by roadside vendors is not within the Indian standard and WHO guidelines laid down for drinking water quality. Hence, there is a vital need to study the root cause in terms of hygiene, sanitation of vendors and source of contamination to prevent waterborne diseases.

KeywordsQuality of drinking water Microbiological assessment Coliform Bacterial disease and human health 

Author: Abhishek Chauhan - Pankaj Goyal - Ajit Varma - Tanu Jindal

Source: https://link.springer.com/

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