Extracellular Matrix Defects in Aneurysmal Fibulin-4 Mice Predispose to Lung EmphysemaReportar como inadecuado




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Background

In this study we set out to investigate the clinically observed relationship between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD and aortic aneurysms. We tested the hypothesis that an inherited deficiency of connective tissue might play a role in the combined development of pulmonary emphysema and vascular disease.

Methods

We first determined the prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in a clinical cohort of aortic aneurysms patients and arterial occlusive disease patients. Subsequently, we used a combined approach comprising pathological, functional, molecular imaging, immunological and gene expression analysis to reveal the sequence of events that culminates in pulmonary emphysema in aneurysmal Fibulin-4 deficient Fibulin-4R mice.

Results

Here we show that COPD is significantly more prevalent in aneurysm patients compared to arterial occlusive disease patients, independent of smoking, other clinical risk factors and inflammation. In addition, we demonstrate that aneurysmal Fibulin-4R-R mice display severe developmental lung emphysema, whereas Fibulin-4+-R mice acquire alveolar breakdown with age and upon infectious stress. This vicious circle is further exacerbated by the diminished antiprotease capacity of the lungs and ultimately results in the development of pulmonary emphysema.

Conclusions

Our experimental data identify genetic susceptibility to extracellular matrix degradation and secondary inflammation as the common mechanisms in both COPD and aneurysm formation.



Autor: Natasja W. M. Ramnath, Koen M. van de Luijtgaarden, Ingrid van der Pluijm, Menno van Nimwegen, Paula M. van Heijningen, Sigrid M.

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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