Intervention Strategies for Improving Patient Adherence to Follow-Up in the Era of Mobile Information Technology: A Systematic Review and Meta-AnalysisReportar como inadecuado




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Background

Patient adherence to follow-up plays a key role in the medical surveillance of chronic diseases and affects the implementation of clinical research by influencing cost and validity. We previously reported a randomized controlled trial RCT on short message service SMS reminders, which significantly improved follow-up adherence in pediatric cataract treatment.

Methods

RCTs published in English that reported the impact of SMS or telephone reminders on increasing or decreasing the follow-up rate FUR were selected from Medline, EMBASE, PubMed, and the Cochrane Library through February 2014. The impacts of SMS and telephone reminders on the FUR of patients were systematically evaluated by meta-analysis and bias was assessed.

Results

We identified 13 RCTs reporting on 3276 patients with and 3402 patients without SMS reminders and 8 RCTs reporting on 2666 patients with and 3439 patients without telephone reminders. For the SMS reminders, the majority of the studies >50% were at low risk of bias, considering adequate sequence generation, allocation concealment, blinding, evaluation of incomplete outcome data, and lack of selective reporting. For the studies on the telephone reminders, only the evaluation of incomplete outcome data accounted for more than 50% of studies being at low risk of bias. The pooled odds ratio OR for the improvement of follow-up adherence in the SMS group compared with the control group was 1.76 95% CI 1.37, 2.26; P<0.01, and the pooled OR for the improvement of follow-up adherence in the telephone group compared with the control group was 2.09 95% CI 1.85, 2.36; P<0.01; both sets showed no evidence of publication bias.

Conclusions

SMS and telephone reminders could both significantly improve the FUR. Telephone reminders were more effective but had a higher risk of bias than SMS reminders.



Autor: Haotian Lin , Xiaohang Wu

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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