Gene Expression Variation in Duplicate Lactate dehydrogenase Genes: Do Ecological Species Show Distinct ResponsesReportar como inadecuado




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Lactate dehydrogenase LDH has been shown to play an important role in adaptation of several aquatic species to different habitats. The genomes of Daphnia pulex, a pond species, and Daphnia pulicaria, a lake inhabitant, encode two L-LDH enzymes, LDHA and LDHB. We estimated relative levels of Ldh gene expression in these two closely related species and their hybrids in four environmental settings, each characterized by one of two temperatures 10°C or 20°C, and one of two concentrations of dissolved oxygen DO; 6.5–7 mg-l or 2–3 mg-l. We found that levels of LdhA expression were 4 to 48 times higher than LdhB expression p<0.005 in all three groups the two parental species and hybrids. Moreover, levels of LdhB expression differed significantly p<0.05 between D. pulex and D. pulicaria, but neither species differed from the hybrid. Consistently higher expression of LdhA relative to LdhB in both species and the hybrid suggests that the two isozymes could be performing different functions. No significant differences in levels of gene expression were observed among the four combinations of temperature and dissolved oxygen p>0.1. Given that Daphnia dwell in environments characterized by fluctuating conditions with long periods of low dissolved oxygen concentration, we suggest that these species could employ regulated metabolic depression to survive in such environments.



Autor: Melania E. Cristescu , Bora Demiri, Ianina Altshuler, Teresa J. Crease

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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