Functional and Molecular Characterization of Hyposensitive Underactive Bladder Tissue and Urine in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic RatReportar como inadecuado




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Background

The functional and molecular alterations of nerve growth factor NGF and Prostaglandin E2 PGE2 and its receptors were studied in bladder and urine in streptozotocin STZ-induced diabetic rats.

Methodology-Principal Findings

Diabetes mellitus was induced with a single dose of 45 mg-kg STZ Intraperitoneally i.p in female Sprague-Dawley rats. Continuous cystometrogram were performed on control rats and STZ treated rats at week 4 or 12 under urethane anesthesia. Bladder was then harvested for histology, expression of EP receptors and NGF by western blotting, PGE2 levels by ELISA, and detection of apoptosis by TUNEL staining. In addition, 4-hr urine was collected from all groups for urine levels of PGE2, and NGF assay. DM induced progressive increase of bladder weight, urine production, intercontraction interval ICI and residual urine in a time dependent fashion. Upregulation of Prostaglandin E receptor EP1 and EP3 receptors and downregulation of NGF expression, increase in urine NGF and decrease levels of urine PGE2 at week 12 was observed. The decrease in ICI by intravesical instillation of PGE2 was by 51% in control rats and 31.4% in DM group at week 12.

Conclusions-Significance

DM induced hyposensitive underactive bladder which is characterized by increased inflammatory reaction, apoptosis, urine NGF levels, upregulation of EP1 and EP3 receptors and decreased bladder NGF and urine PGE2. The data suggest that EP3 receptor are potential targets in the treatment of diabetes induced underactive bladder.



Autor: Jayabalan Nirmal , Pradeep Tyagi , Yao-Chi Chuang , Wei-Chia Lee, Naoki Yoshimura, Chao-Cheng Huang, Bharathi Rajaganapathy, Mich

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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