Characterization of Spectrum, de novo Rate and Genotype-Phenotype Correlation of Dominant GJB2 Mutations in Chinese HansReportar como inadecuado




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Dominant mutations in GJB2 may lead to various degrees of sensorineural hearing impairment and-or hyperproliferative epidermal disorders. So far studies of dominant GJB2 mutations were mostly limited to case reports of individual patients and families. In this study, we identified 7 families, 11 subjects with dominant GJB2 mutations by sequencing of GJB2 in 2168 Chinese Han probands with sensorineural hearing impairment and characterized the associated spectrum, de novo rate and genotype-phenotype correlation. We identified p.R75Q, p.R75W and p.R184Q as the most frequent dominant GJB2 mutations among Chinese Hans, which had a very high de novo rate 71% of probands. A majority 10-11 of subjects carrying dominant GJB2 mutations exhibited palmoplantar keratoderma in addition to hearing impairment. In two families segregated with additional c.235delC or p.V37I mutations of GJB2, family members with the compound heterozygous mutations exhibited more severe phenotype than those with single dominant GJB2 mutation. Our study suggested that the high de novo mutation rate gives rise to a significant portion of dominant GJB2 mutations. The severity of the hearing and epidermal phenotypes associated with dominant GJB2 mutations may be modified by additional recessive mutations of GJB2.



Autor: Xiuhong Pang, Yongchuan Chai, Lianhua Sun, Dongye Chen, Ying Chen, Zhihua Zhang, Hao Wu , Tao Yang

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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