Trends in Prevalence of Dyslipidaemias and the Risk of Mortality in Lithuanian Urban Population Aged 45–64 in Relation to the Presence of the Dyslipidaemias and the Other Cardiovascular Risk FactorsReportar como inadecuado




Trends in Prevalence of Dyslipidaemias and the Risk of Mortality in Lithuanian Urban Population Aged 45–64 in Relation to the Presence of the Dyslipidaemias and the Other Cardiovascular Risk Factors - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

The aim of this study was to provide reliable information on dyslipidaemias, to estimate the trend of the prevalence of dyslipidaemias and other selected cardiovascular disease CVD risk factors at population level, and to evaluate the risk of all-cause and CVD mortality in relation to presence of mixed dyslipidaemias and other CVD risk factors.

Methods

Data from the five surveys 1983–2008 are presented. A random sample of 9,209 subjects aged 45–64 was selected for statistical analysis. During follow-up there were 1653 death cases from any cause, 864 deaths from CVD. Estimates of hazard ratios HR and 95% confidence intervals CI were based on the multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression for all-cause mortality and CVD mortality.

Results

During 25 year period the prevalence of normal total cholesterol level <5.2 mmol-L significantly increased only in women; triglycerides and high density lipoprotein HDL cholesterol did not change in men and women. Findings in our longitudinal study showed that in men and women mixed dyslipidaemias HDL cholesterol <1.03 mmol-L plus triglycerides ≥1.70 mmol-L significantly increased the risk for all-cause and CVD mortality respectively in men HR = 1.30; HR = 1.15, in women HR = 1.83; HR = 2.13. These mixed dyslipidaemia combinations combination with the other risk factors such as arterial hypertension, high fasting glucose level increased all-cause and CVD mortality risk in men and women; while, these mixed dyslipidaemias plus smoking increased all-cause and CVD mortality risk only in men compared to never smokers without these dyslipidaemias respectively HR = 1.89; HR = 1.92; and these dyslipidaemias plus obesity increased all-cause and CVD mortality risk in women respectively HR = 2.25; HR = 2.39 and CVD mortality risk in men HR = 1.72, as compared to responders without obesity and these dyslipidaemias.

Conclusion

Mixed dyslipidaemias reduced HDL cholesterol plus elevated triglycerides significantly increased the risk for all-cause and CVD mortality in this Lithuanian population aged 45–64 years.



Autor: Dalia Luksiene , Abdonas Tamosiunas, Migle Baceviciene, Ricardas Radisauskas, Vilija Malinauskiene, Anne Peasey, Martin Bobak

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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