Cord Blood 25OH-Vitamin D Deficiency and Childhood Asthma, Allergy and Eczema: The COPSAC2000 Birth Cohort StudyReportar como inadecuado




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Background

Epidemiological studies have suggested an association between maternal vitamin D dietary intake during pregnancy and risk of asthma and allergy in the offspring. However, prospective clinical studies on vitamin D measured in cord blood and development of clinical end-points are sparse.

Objective

To investigate the interdependence of cord blood 25-hydroxyvitamin D 25OH-Vitamin D level and investigator-diagnosed asthma- and allergy-related conditions during preschool-age.

Methods

Cord blood 25OH-Vitamin D level was measured in 257 children from the Copenhagen Prospective Studies on Asthma in Childhood COPSAC2000 at-risk mother-child cohort. Troublesome lung symptoms TROLS, asthma, respiratory infections, allergic rhinitis, and eczema, at age 0–7 yrs were diagnosed exclusively by the COPSAC pediatricians strictly adhering to predefined algorithms. Objective assessments of lung function and sensitization were performed repeatedly from birth.

Results

After adjusting for season of birth, deficient cord blood 25OH-Vitamin D level <50 nmol-L was associated with a 2.7-fold increased risk of recurrent TROLS HR = 2.65; 95% CI = 1.02–6.86, but showed no association with respiratory infections or asthma. We saw no association between cord blood 25OH-Vitamin D level and lung function, sensitization, rhinitis or eczema. The effects were unaffected from adjusting for multiple lifestyle factors.

Conclusion

Cord blood 25OH-Vitamin D deficiency associated with increased risk of recurrent TROLS till age 7 years. Randomized controlled trials of vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy are needed to prove causality.



Autor: Bo L. Chawes, Klaus Bønnelykke, Pia F. Jensen, Ann-Marie M. Schoos, Lene Heickendorff, Hans Bisgaard

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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