Discrete Levels of Twist Activity Are Required to Direct Distinct Cell Functions during Gastrulation and Somatic MyogenesisReportar como inadecuado




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Twist Twi, a conserved basic helix-loop-helix transcriptional regulator, directs the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition EMT, and regulates changes in cell fate, cell polarity, cell division and cell migration in organisms from flies to humans. Analogous to its role in EMT, Twist has been implicated in metastasis in numerous cancer types, including breast, pancreatic and prostate. In the Drosophila embryo, Twist is essential for discrete events in gastrulation and mesodermal patterning. In this study, we derive a twi allelic series by examining the various cellular events required for gastrulation in Drosophila. By genetically manipulating the levels of Twi activity during gastrulation, we find that coordination of cell division is the most sensitive cellular event, whereas changes in cell shape are the least sensitive. Strikingly, we show that by increasing levels of Snail expression in a severe twi hypomorphic allelic background, but not a twi null background, we can reconstitute gastrulation and produce viable adult flies. Our results demonstrate that the level of Twi activity determines whether the cellular events of ventral furrow formation, EMT, cell division and mesodermal migration occur.



Autor: Ming-Ching Wong, Krista C. Dobi, Mary K. Baylies

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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