Kaposis Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus ORF6 Gene Is Essential in Viral Lytic ReplicationReport as inadecuate

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Kaposi-s sarcoma associated herpesvirus KSHV is associated with Kaposis-s sarcoma KS, primary effusion lymphoma and multicentric Castleman-s disease. KSHV encodes at least 8 open reading frames ORFs that play important roles in its lytic DNA replication. Among which, ORF6 of KSHV encodes an ssDNA binding protein that has been proved to participate in origin-dependent DNA replication in transient assays. To define further the function of ORF6 in the virus life cycle, we constructed a recombinant virus genome with a large deletion within the ORF6 locus by using a bacterial artificial chromosome BAC system. Stable 293T cells carrying the BAC36 wild type and BACΔ6 genomes were generated. When monolayers of 293T-BAC36 and 293T-BACΔ6 cells were induced with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate TPA and sodium butyrate, infectious virus was detected from the 293T-BAC36 cell supernatants only and not from the 293T- BACΔ6 cell supernatants. DNA synthesis was defective in 293T-BACΔ6 cells. Expression of ORF6 in trans in BACΔ6-containing cells was able to rescue both defects. Our results provide genetic evidence that ORF6 is essential for KSHV lytic replication. The stable 293T cells carrying the BAC36 and BACΔ6 genomes could be used as tools to investigate the detailed functions of ORF6 in the lytic replication of KSHV.

Author: Can Peng, Jungang Chen, Wei Tang, Chunlan Liu, Xulin Chen

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/


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