Hypoxia and the Anticoagulants Dalteparin and Acetylsalicylic Acid Affect Human Placental Amino Acid TransportReportar como inadecuado




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Background

Anticoagulants, e.g. low-molecular weight heparins LMWHs and acetylsalicylic acid ASA are prescribed to women at risk for pregnancy complications that are associated with impaired placentation and placental hypoxia. Beyond their role as anticoagulants these compounds exhibit direct effects on trophoblast but their impact on placental function is unknown. The amino acid transport systems A and L, which preferably transfer essential amino acids, are well-described models to study placental nutrient transport. We aimed to examine the effect of hypoxia, LMWHs and ASA on the activity of the placental amino acid transport systems A and L and associated signalling mechanisms.

Methods

The uptake of C14-MeAIB system A or H3-leucin system L was investigated after incubation of primary villous fragments isolated from term placentas. Villous tissue was incubated at 2% O2 hypoxia, 8% O2 and standard culture conditions 21% O2 or at 2% O2 and 21% O2 with dalteparin or ASA. Activation of the JAK-STAT or mTOR signalling pathways was determined by Western analysis of total and phosphorylated STAT3 or Raptor.

Results

Hypoxia decreased system A mediated MeAIB uptake and increased system L mediated leucine uptake compared to standard culture conditions 21% O2. This was accompanied by an impairment of STAT3 and a stimulation of Raptor signalling. System L activity increased at 8% O2. Dalteparin treatment reduced system A and system L activity under normoxic conditions and ASA 1 mM decreased system A and L transporter activity under normoxic and hypoxic conditions.

Conclusions

Our data underline the dependency of placental function on oxygen supply. LMWHs and ASA are not able to reverse the effects of hypoxia on placental amino acid transport. These findings and the uncovering of the signalling mechanisms in more detail will help to understand the impact of LMWHs and ASA on placental function and fetal growth.



Autor: Marc-Jens Kleppa , Sarah-Vanessa Erlenwein , Natallia Darashchonak, Constantin S. von Kaisenberg, Frauke von Versen-Höynck

Fuente: http://plos.srce.hr/



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