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1 To evaluate the frequency of visualisation and measurements of the normal appendix. 2 To correlate Body Mass Index BMI and gender with visualisation of the normal appendix. 3 To correlate age, gender and body length with appendiceal length.

Materials and Methods

A retrospective review of 186 patients undergoing abdominal CT without suspicion of acute appendicitis was done. Frequency of visualisation and measurements including maximal outer diameter, wall thickness, length, content, location of base and tip of normal appendices were recorded.


Prevalence of appendectomy was 34.4%. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy of visualisation of the normal appendix were 76%, 94%, 96%, 67%, and 82% respectively. The mean maximal diameter of the appendix was 8.19 mm±1.6 SD range, 4.2–12.8 mm. The mean length of the appendix was 81.11 mm±28.44 SD range, 7.2–158.8 mm. The mean wall thickness of the appendix was 2.22 mm±0.56 SD range, 1.15–3.85 mm. The most common location of the appendiceal tip was pelvic in 66% appendices. The most common location of the appendiceal base was inferior, medial, and posterior in 37%. The normal appendix contained high-density material in 2.2%. There was a significant correlation between gender and appendiceal length, with men having longer appendices than women.


Most normal appendices are seen at multislice CT using IV contrast. The maximal outer diameter of the normal appendix overlaps with values currently used to diagnose appendicitis on CT.

Autor: Inneke Willekens , Els Peeters, Michel De Maeseneer, Johan de Mey



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