Companies strategies to decrease environmental impacts: the French example of the environmental impacts assessments law implementationReportar como inadecuado




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* Corresponding author 1 CRC - Centre de recherche sur les Risques et les Crises

Abstract : Companies- impacts on biodiversity can provoke irreversible damage. Biodiversity is drastically decreasing, and alarming preoccupations related to climate change arise. It is important to take conscience that humans- activities play an important part on such a result. In order to help companies to limit their impact on biodiversity, the law has developed tools such as environmental impact assessments. It aims at responsibilising firms by improving their knowledge on their environmental impacts and at anticipating damage in order to avoid it the most upstream possible. Companies manage the use of those tools. They can decide to use it efficiently for the environment or not. Generally, they would prefer to balance their environmental, social and economical interests by negotiating the acceptance of their project with the different stake-holders. It is called the ecological negotiation. The aim of this paper is to stress the power companies have to protect the environment and to highlight the perspectives that are emerging from the use of this assessment by firmspublic as well as private such as the use of compensation methods. This study is mostly based on experts- statements, as it has been realised with an ecological engineers consulting firms partnership.

Mots-clés : Environmental impact assessment law companies- given responsibilities ecological negotiation compensation methods





Autor: Séverine Borderon - Valérie Sanseverino-Godfrin -

Fuente: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/



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